Crowd Steering: Past & future a reference for Krishna Pushkaralu

Crowd Intensity during the events

Millions of Hindu devotees gather on the banks of sacred rivers. In 2013, the river Ganga had its Pushkar and Kumbh Mela where about 120 million population participated over the period of 2 months in Allahabad. The recorded footfall on the main festive days was not less than 30 million in a day. The entire area occupied by this crowd was 20 square kilometers, making it the largest Human gathering on Earth. [3] The city of Allahabad has the resident population of 1.2 million. [7]

Stampedes at Spiritual gatherings

When the crowd is massive and majority of the crowd is homeless during the spiritual festive it is and unquestioned alarm for stampedes and epidemic out breaks. In a pre-planned infrastructure like Mecca and Karbala it is much easier to anticipate and take care of the needs. Kumbh and other spiritual gatherings are spread across the area and are open air in nature, built on temporary infrastructure, which challenges the civic authorities’ big time. The count of casualties might be less but the injuries and the trauma is difficult to get over.

Crowd Gatherings and Disasters

How is the Crowd counted?

By far most efficient way of counting the crowd is by using the “thumb rule” were an area of 100 mts is taken and the every person is assumed to take 1.5 square feet of area, about 600 mts is the naked eye perception view and when calculated with the technique at most 4500 people happen to cover the area of visibility. Which questions the 120 million crowd count of Allahabad Kumbh in 2013. The authorities put it to 60–80 million of population have visited the festive. [4] The technique used is all assumptions and there is a call for an alternative logical and smart solution to break the tabo of assumptions.

Why did Nashik Not have any stampede?

Contradicting the post by R. Guha, “Why We Shouldn’t Be Surprised by the Kumbh Mela Stampede”, In the history of Kumbh Mela, The year 2015 Godavari, Kumbh Mela in Nashik had “ZERO” disaster of any kind and the crowd counting was much of scientific solution unlike traditional assumptions. The MediaLabs Head Dr Ramesh Rasker, his Team from MIT-USA and many prominent personalities around the globe started an initiative of Kumbhathon along with several tech savvies tossing a coin on “Modern technology meets ancient rituals at Nashik’s Simhastha Kumbh Mela” [14] by developing bunch of innovative projects covering several areas solving real world problems during mass gatherings. [15] One of the project among the flock is Crowd Management. The crowd management had two ground breaking solutions making an impact by providing real time crowd counting and the steering of crowd across the city.

Crowd Movement

Future Crowd Spiritual Massive Gatherings

The near future spiritual massive crowd gathering is expected in the regions of Andhra Pradesh for the river Krishna Pushkaralu. In the year 2004 about 30 million people attended the 12 days festival and in a stampede 5 people were killed leaving behind couple of the injured people. [18] It is been observed that the crowd doubles every Pushkaram. The same was observed with Godavari Pushkaram, 2015 in Nashik and Rajahmundry.

Krishna River Ghats
Incoming Routes
Perimeter for gathering data geographically



“Wandering Researcher” .. Student by profession... Human by heart with clusters in brain.. Travel & Music Lover, Foodie, Ghost Writer

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Lavanya Addepalli

Lavanya Addepalli

“Wandering Researcher” .. Student by profession... Human by heart with clusters in brain.. Travel & Music Lover, Foodie, Ghost Writer